Case Report or Series Case reports and series are a time-honored way to document stories of patients with rare or interesting diseases. Some cases or interactions with patients lead to insights about important elements of care or how pathophysiology plays out in people. However, a case report can also highlight issues related to medical education or professional development. When more than one case is presented to illustrate the issue of interest, it is called a case series. Case reports include the presentation, course, and clinical outcome, in addition to a literature review of the crucial issues related to the case. The literature review helps you convey your thoughts and ideas in the context of what others have written on the topic. Your SP should be structured as if being written for publication in a journal. Useful Resources for Case Reports BMJ Case Reports is a journal specifically dedicated to peer-reviewed case reports. Their website also has information about how to write a case report. An article about how to write a patient case report: How to write a patient case report. By Henry Cohen The American College of Physicians has a useful website on case reports.